Common and Top Piano Makes In The UK

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 Below is a list of piano makes of used pianos commonly available in the UK with some top makes that are less common, and their rating once restored. Ratings have been compiled by experienced piano tuners and are based on tone, touch and stability.

Piano ratings: We have taken as our benchmark U1H Yamaha upright and G3E Yamaha grand pianos made from 1970 to 1980, since they are very common. These are given a rating of 65 = good. Ratings assume the pianos to be restored or reconditioned and in good condition. It must be said, however, that there is a world of difference between a piano that has been well restored, tuned and the hammers voiced, from one of the same make and year that has not been carefully worked on.

0 – 40      = unacceptable
40 – 50    = passable
50 – 60    = fair
60 – 70    = good
70 – 80    = excellent
80 – 90    = superb
90 – 100  = dream piano

Estimates for the number of pianos in the UK vary from 2 to 4 million (figures for 2013). We are using the conservative figure of 2 million. Availability figures are currently being revised for each make; so for instance, we estimate that there is about one “Adam” piano for every 4,000 pianos. Therefore there are about 400 Adam pianos in the UK.

Disclaimer: This site is constantly being revised. If you’re in the piano trade and can add or correct any information please let us know.

New pianos made in the Far East (excluding Japan)
Many older names such as Waldstein, Weber, Bentley, Steinmeyer and Steinbach are now used by companies in China, Korea, Malasia, Indonesia, etc. They are the same in name only and usually have nothing to do with the older style pianos. Ratings below are for the European made pianos unless otherwise stated.

List of most common pianos in the UK - key:
Top quality makes are in large type and bold. Other makes that are good and also have some top quality pianos are in bold. Makes in italics also have some models that are particularly good pianos, the bold ones being the better or these. We’ve only drawn attention to the main ones you’re likely to find so as to make your search faster. Please click on a make for more information.

MakeEst.Made byMade inUpr.
Est’d no. in
Adam, Gerhard 1828AdamWesel, GermanyU+G50060-70Generally well made pianos
Aeolian 1903AeolianUK, USA, GermanyU+G150050-60Varied. They made many player pianos
Ajello & Sons 1862AjelloManchester, UKU100050-60Mostly tall overstrung underdamped mahogany uprights with strong tone
Allison 1837AllisonLondon, UKU+G1500050-60Varied – low to medium quality; some baby grands quite good
AmylCoop CWSLondon, UKU150040-50Honestly made but mostly basic straight strung over-dampers
Archibald – Ramsden1895RamsdenLondon, UKU40040-50Usually straight strung over-dampers, but quite well made
Army and NavyAnyoneEnglandU150040-50Usually straight strung over-dampers, but quite well made
Ascherberg 1865AscherbergGermanyU+G80050-60Mid quality overstrung under-dampers with good tone
Baldwin 1862BaldwinCincinnati, USAU+G30055-68Varied. Most of the ones imported to the UK were basic models
Barnes W.H. 1828BarnesLondon, UKU+G200045-55Nearly all uprights; some 6 octave pianos
Barratt & Robinson 1877Barratt & RobinsonLondon, UKU1500050-60Colsed about 1990. Mostly small mid range uprights 1960-1980


 1853BechsteinGermanyU+G3000060-85Prolific high quality maker. See specialist Bechstein page
Bell 1864BellOntario, CanadaU80050-60Generally overstrung. Very varied, poor to medium quality
Bentley 1906BentleyLondon, UKU2000045-60Very varied, poor to medium quality
Berry 1866BerryLondon, UKU+G300045-55From very basic overdampers to medium quality overstrung
Blankenstein1880BlankensteinLondon & BerlinU50050-60Varied, gernerally medium quality


 1873BluthnerGermanyU+G2000070-90Prolific make of high quality pianos. Please see our Bluthner page
Bord 1840 BordFranceU400045-52Mostly small straight strung overdampers c1890-1910
Boyd (of London)2005BoydLondonU+G2000035-58From very basic overdampers to fairly good overstrungs


 1828BosendorferVienna, AustriaU+G150050-95Austrian pianos of high quality. pre 1900 grands have “Viennese” actions
Boston 1991Kawai/SteinwayJapanU+G100050-95Austrian pianos of high quality. pre 1900 grands have “Viennese” actions
BranstonBranstonLondonU20050Mostly basic pianos
Brasted1920Brasted (pre 1960)London, later MalaysiaU400050-65Honest well made British pianos
Brinsmead, John1836KembleLondon, UKU+G30,00050-70Very varied prolific English maker
Brinsmead, Stanley1894Stanley BrinsmeadLondon, UKU50040-50Straight-strung overdamper half iron frame pianos.
John Broadwood 1728BroadwoodLondon, UKU+G80,00040-80Comprehensive range of high quality hand built pianos in various styles
Broadwood White1880Broadwood WhiteLeipzig, GermanyU90045-48Mostly basic straight strungs
Brock, Bernard1890Saul Silkand-Zormich & CramerLondon, UKU40045-48Traditional upright pianos
Brodmann1812*BosendorferChinaU+G200 60-75 *modern Brodmann c2001
Browne, Justin1870BrowneLondon, UKU80040-50Well made but most pre 1890 overdampers
Challen1804ChallenLondon, UKU+G7500050-68Can be quite reasonable but vary. The UK’s most common baby grands
Chappell1811Chappell, later Kemble London, UKU+G8000050-70Varied but generally good. Old ones can be quite basic
ChurchillStencil PianoBristol, UKU1000 45-50Mostly basic straight strung overdamper pianos in a traditional case
Collard and Collard1760Collard, later KembleLondon, UKU+G65,00040-70Extremely varied prolific British maker spanning over 200 years
Cramer1824Cramer, later KembleLondon, UKU+G1000045-68Plenty of variety. Many baby grands and post 1900 uprights
CraneCrane & SonLiverpool, UKU+G 200035-50Mostly basic uprights
Dale FortyDale FortyUK & ChinaU+G700035-50Pre -1950 Dale Forty pianos are basic British pianos; modern ones click here
Danemann1892Broadwood & SonLondon, UKU+G2000044-68Prolific and varied maker. Please click on name for more details
Duck Son and Pinker1848Bristol Piano Co.Bath, UKU+G800035-50Mostly basic straight strung overdamper uprights
Eavestaff1823BrastedLondon UK & ChinaU+G1700035-68Mini pianos generally basic. Baby grands fair. Other uprights medium
Eberhardtc.1800 EberhardtBerlin, GermanyU80040-45Eberhardt Pianos are very basic pianos with half-plate iron frames
ElysianMorley & Co LtdLondon, UKU+G 150045-60Name used mainly by Morleys of London. Varied
Erard1777ErardUK & FranceU+G 150040-68Very varied; historic inventor
Estonia1893Estonia Piano FactoryTallinn, Republic of EstoniaU+G25050-60The Estonia grand piano produces a reasonable tone.
Eungblut, Rogers1920KembleLondon, UKU20050-60The name Rogers Eungblut was used by Kemble in about 1930
Fazioli1980The Fazioli FactorySacile, ItalyG10085-95Fazioli was established in 1981
Fazer1960HellasHelsinki, FinlandG300055-68Modern pianos. Fazer are generally good with rich bass and firm touch


1851FeurichGermany, China & AustriaU+G150065-75Old and modern ones well made
Forster, August 1859ForsterLobau, GermanyU+G400055-70Vary varied in quality – passed through “Iron curtain” phase
Fuchs and Mohr1921EisenbergerEisenberg, GermanyU400040-55Small modern pianos with mahogany cases dated from about 1965 to 1980
GilesGiles Pianos LtdLondon, UKU+G100050From the same factory as the very common Zender
Godfrey1885GodfreyLondon, UKU700035-48Mostly basic uprights: straight-strung and over-damped
Gors and Kallman1877Albert MeynBerlin, GermanyU+G1500050-70Older uprights overdampers but good tone. Baby grands generally good

Grotrian Steinweg

1858Grotrian SteinwegBraunschweig, GermanyU+G600060-90Prolific make of high quality pianos. Uprights 1900 to 1930 outstanding
Haake, Karl1903HaakeHannover, GermanyU+G1000 50-60Unique, warm and interesting tone; mostly 1880 to 1910
Hellas1901Hellas Piano coHelsinki, FinlandU50050-60Hellas are similar to Fazer but action generally not as good
Hickie and Hickie1894Hickie & HickieLondon, UK U1500035-48Mostly basic straight strung overdampers 1890 – 1910. later overstrung
Hoffmann1893VariousVariousU+G80050-75Name used on both basic British and high quality German pianos
Hofman & Czerny1903HofmanVienna, AustriaU+G 100 60-70High quality baby grand pianos with rich tone and well weighted touch
Hopkinson1835BentleyLondon, UKU+G2000045-65Very common British make. Older ones overdampers
Ibach1794IbachGermanyU+G1500050-80Older ones overdampers but good. Grands generally fine quality
Kastner1920Barratt and RobinsonLondon, UKU70045-55Mostly small modern uprights 1960-1970. A few older ones 1890-1930
Kaps1890Ernst KapsDresden, GermanyU+G200055-80Mainly one style of quality upright piano made from about 1898 to 1930


1927Kawai PianosHamamatsu, JapanU+G1000055-85Japanese pianos (later ones made elsewhere too) of generally good quality
Kemble1911KembleLondon, UKU+G12000055-78Varied in quality but best are very good
Kimball1857The Kimball Piano coUSAU+G3000 55-65Those in the UK c1960-70 small uprights
Kirkman1730Kirkman, CollardLondon, UKU+G50030-55Mostly very old British pianos. Many grands


1936KnightLondon, UKU+G3000058-80Respected British maker. Best between about 1960 and 1980
Lindner1960LindnerShannon, Eire U100035-50Irish pianos with revolutionary plastic action for which no spares are readily available

Lipp, Richard

1831Lipp, later BentleyStuttgart, GermanyU+G600055-90Lipp pianos made with great integrity. Rich warm tone. Baby and boudoir grands generally excellent
Marshall and Rose1907Whelpdate, Maxwell & CoddLondon, UKU+G40050-65British pianos of medium quality
Mason & Hamlin1854Mason & HamlinMassachusetts, USAU+G20060-80Well made modern pianos; very few older ones in the UK
Mickleburgh1903MickleburghBristol, EnglandU2500 50Makes medium quality uprights
Minstrelle1877Barratt and RobinsonEnglandU25040-50Small pianos made by Barratt and Robinson
Monington and Weston1858Monington and WestonLondon, UKU+G1800050-65Many low quality baby grands made with “simplex” actions. Uprights can be very good
Moore and Moore1838KembleStoke Newington, UKU+G 150050-58Fair quality British pianos
Morley, Robert1881MorleyLewisham, LondonU+G4000050-55Fair quality British pianos
Murdoch1862Spencer & MurdochLondon, UKU+G 200035-55Common basic British pianos
Neumeyer1905NeumeyerBerlin, GermanyU+G700050-65Mid-range German pianos. Best ones have rich warm tone
Niemeyer1890Niemeyer +
Dongbei China
Korea & GermanyU+G40045-55Old ones low to mid range German pianos
Neindorf1900GermanyLuckenwald, Germany U+G200050-55Mostly mid range pianos 1910-1930
Nordiska1985Nordiska, later DongBeiSweden, later China U80050-60Mostly 1985-1990 small uprights
Papps1900PappsPortsmouth, EnglandU700035-50Mostly basic uprights. Specially designed metal wrest plank for environments with varying humidity
Pearl River1955Guangzhou Piano FactoryGuangzhou, ChinaU+G150045-70One of the largest factories: names include Ritmuller and Essex
Petrof1864PetrofHradec Kralove, CzechoslovakiaU+G30050-80Wide range of quality in uprights. Some early baby grands are outstanding
Pfeiffer1862Pianofortefabrick Leipzip companyStuttgart, GermanyU10055-70 Mostly pre 1900 in UK. Not yet rated
Pleyel1807PleyelParis, FranceU+G2000045-68Much varietly in quality from this French maker
Reid Sohn1859Samick factoryParis, FranceU+G900045-60Large Korean factory
Reisbachc1920RogersLondon, UKU+G80050-65Fair quality British pianos made by Rogers with influence from Grotrian Steinweg
Ritmüller1795Ritmuller, later Pearl RiverGermany, later ChinaU+G100055-70Old ones mostly tall traditional
Rogers, George1843RogersLondon, UKU+G1600055-70Good factory with long history. Older ones may not be worth reconditioning
Ronisch1845Pfeiffer, later BluthnerDresden, GermanyU+G 100045-75Older ones very well made. Modern ones more varied
Russell, George1842 R&RLondon, UKU200050-55Mostly basic straight-strung overdamped pianos, well made with a good tone
Russel (and Russell)1842Russell and Russell LondonU100045-58Honestly made cheaper uprights mainly from early 1900s
SamesF.Mills & CoScotlandU+G900 50-55Mostly overstrung uprights
Samick 1989SamickKorea/ IndonesiaU+G1000045-60Large Korean factory
Sauter 1819C. Sauter & CoSpaichingen, GermanyU+G50070-90Fine quality uprights and grands; 100% German parts
Schiedmayer 1809J.and P.ScheidmayerNeckarstrasse, GermanyU+G1000058-78Well made German uprights and grands
Schimmell 1885W. SchimmellNeuschonefeld, GermanyU+G 400055-68Mid-range German uprights and grands
Seiler 1849Eduard SeilerLiegnitz, GermanyU+G800058-78Well made German uprights and grands
Spencer 1883John Spencer & CoLondon UKU1000045-62Common British maker from about 1900 to 1940. Modern ones from different factories
Squire (and Longson) c1910Squire, later KembleLondon UKU+G1000050-60Mid range British pianos
Steck 1857Aeolian Weber & Pianola CoCassel, GermanyU+G500055-70Uprights have warm tone; baby grands vary in quality
Steinberg 1908Steinberg & CoBerlin, GermanyU+G2000 60-75 Mostly well made modern pianos
Steingraeber & Sohne 1852Eduard SteingraeberBayreuth, GermanyU+G25070-90Mostly grands, see own page.


 1853Steinway & SonsMainly New York and HamburgU+G6500060-95Fine rich toned pianos. Most Steinways found in the UK are made in Germany.
Ströhmenger 1835ChappellLondon UKU+G500050-65Good quality British pianos
Stuart & Sons c1990Stuart Piano CoAustraliaG5 75-90Hand made top quality grands
Waddington 1838WaddingtonLondon UKU200045-55Basic British piano, can have a reasonable tone. Grands basic
Waldemarc1900WaldemarBerlinU600 45-55Mostly traditional walnut, overstrung with warm tone
Waldstein1956Various, Pearl RiverUK,Germany,ChinaU+G1100045-58Modern Chinese Waldsteins are nothing to do with the older pianos
Weberc1860Weber VariousU+G600046-68Older ones well made. Modern ones made in the Far East
Welmar1925WelmarLondon, UKU+G2500055-75Good quality British pianos. Older uprights varied. Baby grands copy of Bluthner.
Wendl & Lung c1920Wendl LungAustriaU+G80060-75Mostly modern pianos c2001 to 2011
Windover1877SmithManchester & London, UKU+G1000 45-60Mostly traditional uprights in mahogany
Witton and Witton1838Witton and WittonLondon, UKU+G 80045-55Basic British piano. Grands not well made
Yamaha1887YamahaJapanU+G7000048-90Most prolific maker in the world. Huge range in quality
Young Chang 1956Young ChangSeoul KoreaU+G800045-60Large Korean factory; see onw page.
Zender 1892ZenderLondon, UKU+G4000048-60Always very small pianos; Over 70,000 made in the UK, mostly 60s to 80s
Zimmermann 1884ZimmermannGermanyU+G 200045-70Mostly modern baby grands and uprights of low to medium quality