Bluthner style 4 grand pianos for sale piano shop Maidstone

Grand Pianos

We normally stock at least three restored Blüthner grand pianos between 5ft and 6ft 3in long. If you’re thinking of buying a professionally reconditioned Blüthner grand piano then you’re getting a piano with a smooth, light touch (especially in the older “patent” actions models), warm tone and aesthetically pleasing cabinet. Blüthner was the leading manufacturer of domestic pianos from around 1885 to 1910, Blüthners having ideal acoustics for the home, being not too forceful a tone and also having a light to medium smooth touch. The information below assumes the pianos to be fully reconditioned.

Main Types Of Blüthner Grand Pianos


These are unique to Blüthner and date from about 1885 to 1915.

Blüthner patent action

Photo taken of a Blüthner style 5 grand with a Blüthner patent action (See image) These are the older ones dating from about 1880 to 1924. The action is simpler in design than the normal roller action found in nearly all other pianos. It has the advantage of being smoother, usually lighter. The action doesn’t repeat as fast as the roller action, but this is not noticeable unless playing very fast repetition such as in Rapsody in Blue. Some restorers fit a modern action into the older pianos.


Blüthner roller-action are commonly found after about 1920, though there is a cross-over period and some patent actions appear after this date.

Standard roller action

These start from about 1920 onwards though most are from out about 1926. By far the most common is the style 4 baby grand, 4ft 11in, which is one of the best baby grands ever made. It has a smooth touch and fine “silky” tone. They are simple in style with plain music desk and square tapered legs. These cost about £3000 to £5000 (2014) unrestored and we sell them reconditioned from around £9500 to £18,500 (2014) fully restored and custom re-polished. We normally have one or two style 4 Blüthner baby grands in stock, though they are in great demand and becoming hard to find. The most common veneer/colour is mahogany.

Blüthner grand actions from the side


Patent action


Roller action

Important Note

Many Blüthner style 4 baby grands from 1920 to 1939 need to have the “action standards” replaced as they form fissures and bow outwards, making correct regulation impossible. This work and action regulation costs about £1200+VAT (2014) provided someone has not previously attempted to repair the regulation without first replacing the standards. This second scenario is often the case, so the piano needs re-regulating and the cost will then be around £2300 +VAT (2014).

Models Of Blüthner Grand Pianos

Blüthner grands from about 1958 to 1995

Unfortunately the “iron curtain” had an adverse effect on the Blüthner grand and the materials used weren’t always of good quality. Be careful when buying a Blüthner from this period.

Modern Blüthner grands from about 1995

There are not many of these available, but they are generally of excellent quality, perhaps more suited to smaller rooms than the equivalent Steinway.

Aliquot Stringing

This refers to a system whereby an extra string was added in the treble section. Most piano technicians today think this unique idea doesn’t really enhance the tone, though styles 8 and 6 fitted with this system are quite common and are excellent pianos.


If you’re searching for a restored Blüthner grand piano, bear in mind the following information about the availability. We estimate there are about 30,000 used Bluther grand pianos in the UK, in the following proportions.

Common Models Of Blüthner Grand Pianos Found In The Uk

Older Styles to about 1925 (mostly patent actions)

Style Comment
5 5ft 9in Rich tone with patent action; turned legs and fretted or slatted music desk.
They normally have a patent action (see above).
6 5ft 9in. Same as above with Aliquot stringing. Patent action
7 6ft 3in. Most are rosewood or black. Warm rich tone with superb bass and singing treble and tenor. Patent action
8 6ft 3in. The same as style 7 but with Aliquot stringing (see photo) Patent action
9 6ft 9in – 6 ft 11in. Rich tone with strong bass. Aliquot stringing; patent action
10 7ft 8in Small concert Grand.
11 9ft 2in Concert grand

New Styles From 1926 – roller actions

Style Comments
4 4ft 11in; popular small grand piano with a rich silky tone.
4a 5ft 5in; less common, the styling is the same as the style 4
12 6ft 3in. Replaced style 7 and 8 from about 1925 to 1945. The numbering is reversed from about 1945. Very few in the UK
11 Becomes model 1 Length: 9’2″ (280 cm)
style 10 becomes model 2 Length: 7’8″ (238 cm)
9 Becomes model 4 Length: 6’10 ” (210 cm)
8 Becomes model 6 Length: 6’3″ (191 cm)
4a Becomes model 10 Length: 5’5 ” (166 cm)
4 Becomes model 11 Length: 5’1″ (154cm)

Common Veneers/Colours

Model Size No. in UK Finish
11 154cm 1,100 35% mahogany, 35% black, 20% walnut, 10% other
10 166cm 550 30% mahogany, 40% black, 20% walnut, 10% other
6 191cm 250 25% mahogany, 55% black, 10% walnut, 10% other
4 210cm 50 85% black, 15% other
2 238cm 40 90% black, 10% other
1 280cm 20 99% black, 1% other

Blüthner Styles 4 and 4a Comparison Video

Blüthner Upright Pianos

We normally stock one or two Blüthner upright pianos. Used underdamped Blüthner uprights are not very common in the UK; most Blüthner uprights are overdampers and we don’t normally stock these as the dampers don’t cut off too well in the upper treble (see below). Like the grand pianos, upright Blüthners have a mellow tone and smooth action. There are two main categories.

black polish bluthner upright piano

Unfortunately Bluthner underdamper uprights are not that common (perhaps one in 10 Bluthner uprights); the majority are overdamped, meaning that the piano tends to ring on instead of cut off cleanly.

Over Dampers

Straight strung and overstrung. These are by far the most common Blüthner uprights (95% of pre 1920 Blüthner uprights; later ones nearly all underdamped) dating mostly from 1880 to 1915. Overdamper means that the mechanism to stop the string after it’s played is above the hammer, and it is not so efficient meaning that there is an echo effect. The damping is especially poor in the upper range of damping. About 50% of these are straight strung.



Straight and overstrung: These date from about 1910 onwards and have a fine rich tone and the taller ones a superb action. Mostly rosewood (60%) or black (40%). About 80% are overstrung.


We’ve found considerable inconsistency in the tone of Blüthner overstrung underdampers (not the straight strung ones which are usually consistent in tone). They often have areas that sound “boomy” or patchy, particularly in the mid treble. Consequently we are very careful when buying Blüthners into stock. Should you find one for sale, we recommend getting a tuner to inspect it for you. Nearly all Blüthner grands and uprights are exceptionally well made and restore well.